Problematika Pendidikan Islam Perspektif Maqâṣid Sharîʻah

  • Rosidin Rosidin Islamic University of Lamongan (UNISLA), East Java, Indonesia

Abstrak

The article seeks to reveal problems faced by Islamic education from the perspective of Maqâṣid al-Sharîʻah, namely ideological (ḥifẓ al-dîn), practical (ḥifẓ al-nafs), academic (ḥifẓ al-‘aql), relationships or networks (ḥifẓ al-nasl), vocational (ḥifẓ al-mâl) and quality (ḥifẓ al-‘irḍ) aspects. In order to know the details of crucial problems of the Islamic education along with their alternative solutions, this paper suggests that the Islamic education should consider the insider’s and outsider’s perspective which has four types of roles as follow: a) complete observer; b) observer as participant; c) participant as observer; d) complete participant. This article proposes three important implications, are: first, the problems of the Islamic education can be categorized and mapped based on Maqâṣid al-Sharîʻah, in order to ease the analysis of such problems. Second, the analysis of the problems should be based on the insiders’ and outsiders’ point of views, so that it would be able to comprehensively detect the problems of Islamic education and show the inclusiveness of the Islamic education. Third, problem solving alternatives should be oriented at the level of theological (faith and religious [îmân]), theoretical (philosophical and empirical [‘ilm]), practical (learning and teaching [‘amal]) and moral (ethics and aesthetics [akhlâq]) realms.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arif, Mukhrizal dkk. Pendidikan Posmodernisme: Telaah Kritis Pemikiran Tokoh Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media, 2014.
Auda, Jasser. al-Maqasid untuk Pemula, terj. Ali ‘Abdelmon’im. Yogyakarta: UIN-Suka Press, 2012.
-----. Membumikan Hukum Islam melalui Maqasid Syariah: Pendekatan Sistem, terj. Rosidin dan Ali Moen’im. Bandung: Mizan, 2015.
Chatib, Munif. Gurunya Manusia: Menjadikan Semua Anak Istimewa dan Semua Anak Juara. Bandung: Kaifa, 2014.
-----. Sekolahnya Manusia: Sekolah Berbasis Multiple Intelligences di Indonesia. Bandung: Kaifa, 2015
Hasan, K.H. Muhammad Tholhah. “Arah Baru Pengembangan Madrasah: Perluasan Akses Lembaga dan Peningkatan Mutu Civitas Akademika”, Seminar Nasional Pendidikan di Madrasah Aliyah Almaarif Singosari tanggal 3 September 2016.
http://www.mbctimes.com/english/20-best-education-systems-world dan http://www.webometrics.info/en/world diakses 1 Juni 2016.
Kasali, Rhenald. Let’s Change: Kepemimpinan, Keberanian dan Perubahan. Jakarta: Kompas, 2014.
Knott, Kim. “Insider/Outsider Perspectives” dalam John R. Hinnells (ed.), The Routledge Companion to the Study of Religion. New York: Routledge, 2005.
Makbuloh, Deden. Pendidikan Agama Islam: Arah Baru Pengembangan Ilmu dan Kepribadian di Perguruan Tinggi (Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2013), 37-39.
Nata, Abuddin. Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam dan Barat. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2012.
Prodi Keagamaan Sepi Peminat, Jawa Pos, 22 Maret 2016, dalam http://www. pressreader.com/indonesia/jawa-pos/20160322/ 282 467118014336 diakses 20 September 2016.
Ranking Web of Universities edisi Juli 2016, dalam http://www.webo metrics.info/en /Asia/indonesia%20 diakses 30 Agustus 2016.
Rosidin. “Strategi Peningkatan Kinerja Pendidik Profesional Berbasis Etos Kerja Qur’âni”, dalam Seminar Nasional Pendidikan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta 2016.
Veenat. “Concepts: Cultural Lag, Assimilation, Acculturation and Cultural Pluralism” dalam cms.gcg11.ac.in/attachments /article/214/unit%203-%20concepts.pdf diakses 30 Agustus 2016.
Zuhaylî (al), Wahbah. Uṣûl al-Fiqh al-Islâmî. Damaskus: Dâr al-Fikr, 1968.
Diterbitkan
2016-09-01
Bentuk Sitasi
ROSIDIN, Rosidin. Problematika Pendidikan Islam Perspektif Maqâṣid Sharîʻah. Marâji`: Jurnal Ilmu Keislaman, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 185-210, sep. 2016. ISSN 2442-8914. Available at: <http://maraji.kopertais4.or.id/index.php/maraji/article/view/58>. Date accessed: 22 june 2017.
Section
Articles

Keywords

Problems; Islamic Education; Maqâṣid al-Sharîʻah; Insi-der; Outsider.